Of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remain an urgent public health problem both in terms of direct impact on the reproductive health of the population, and in view of the existing increased risk of HIV infection.
Infections transmitted primarily through sexual contact – a group of infectious diseases that are transmitted mainly through sexual contact from an infected person to a healthy one. By STIs include syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydial and Mycoplasma infection, trichomoniasis, herpes and human papillomavirus infection of the genitals. In addition to these diseases in the southern countries are: chancroid, inguinal granuloma and chlamydialinfection.
In addition, sexually transmitted infection such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes the disease called AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome). HIV infection is a chronic, slowly progressive disease that affects cells of the immune system. As a result of its work is inhibited, the body of the patient loses the ability to defend against a variety of bacterial, fungal and viral diseases, and to prevent the development of malignant tumors (cancer), which after some time leads to death of the patient.
During sexual intercourse, in addition to STIs, HIV infection transmitted viral hepatitis b and C, as well as some other diseases (scabies, pubic lice, molluscum contagiosum). To date, there are 30 diseases that can be transmitted sexually.
Given the negative role of STIs in the spread of HIV, effective AIDS prevention is impossible without STI prevention. Avoid risky sexual behaviour is one of the most effective ways of preventing these diseases.
If You want to know more about their health, especially about «sexual health», try to allocate a free minute and visiting urologic and gynecologic clinics and more detailed information you can read on the websites of the Minsk regional skin and venereal dispensary and the Minsk regional centre of hygiene, epidemiology and public health.